Medical Oncology   

Questions discussed in this category



Do you only give intrathecal chemotherapy or systemic therapy?

Other than when there are obvious contraindications to anthracycline, such as cardiac dysfunction, when do you use a non-anthracycline containing regi...

Some considerations: -Cabozantinib (Based on CABOSUN trial, NCCN does not list this as a Category 1 recommendation)-Nivolumab + Ipilimumab (CheckMate...

Would you consider it for a patient with good PS but with limited metastatic disease? What dose fractionation would you prefer?

Is there any specific precautions or concerns to consider with TKI initiation if the patient has vasogenic edema?

What are the scenarios in which a rebiopsy is warranted for follicular lymphoma?

Can results from emerging AML data be extrapolated to high risk MDS populations? Is there data to guide the choice of continuing the HMA in combinati...

Would you modify the radiation dose or field in this setting? Would you pre-emptively dose reduce chemotherapy, or modify the dosing of ruxolitinib?

I have heard <20% MRD. What about proceeding if patient is hypoplastic after chemotherapy?

The patient went straight to gastrectomy for clinical T1 gastric adenocarcinoma, but post-op was up-graded to T4 disease.   Both ARTIST and Inte...

(assuming that the patient is int-poor risk, has measurable disease outside of the CNS, warrants treatment with appropriate PS)

Would you offer SBRT to both sites, SBRT to the primary and standard fractionation to the node due to proximity to the main bronchus/proximal lobar br...

Pre-menopausal women make progesterone and their menses are typically lighter on tamoxifen because it's a mild endometrial ER stimulant blocking their...

How has your practice been impacted by the ECOG 2108 (Khan et al. ASCO 2020 Abst LBA2)? Are there sites or distribution of disease that prompt you to ...

After optimizing symptoms and reversible factors, and attempting cognitive-behavioral interventions and exercise, do you recommend pharmacologic agent...

This case involves an impressive ‘high volume’ vaginal recurrence and patient was not originally planned for adjuvant therapy. Concerned t...

Do you have any experience with intra-pericardial chemotherapy administration, and if so, in what cases?

Does the absence of an OS benefit in the AG221-AML-005 presented at ASCO 2020 deter you from this strategy?

How do you decide on other chemo regimen? (Dosing, frequency, carboplatin based, non-platinum based etc.) Would you use Cetuximab? Altered fractiona...

What is the time window in which you would consider adding AR targeted therapy? Is there a time frame in which you would NOT consider introducing sin...

Given the changing landscape of treatment, some patients may have already received capecitabine previously.  Would this impact your treatment rec...

Does the reported positive endpoint in OS for Checkmate 743 change your practice?

Would you consider use of immunotherapy with checking PDL1? What chemotherapy agents would you consider along with mastectomy/radiation?

What do you do/say when a discussion of evidence-based information doesn't convince a patient that this is her best chance of cure? Some patients even...

Would you consider it for a patient who had bulky thoracic disease, only a single extrathoracic site of involvement and achieved a CR after induction ...

Is immunotherapy plus chemotherapy now standard of care for small cell lung cancer, even though overall survival differences are small? Are there any ...

Would you obtain baseline PFT on all patients or only selected high risk patients? Would you repeat PFTs regularly or only if clinically symptomatic?&...

The patient remains without evidence of systemic disease outside of the CNS on serial imaging. Would you continue treating with SRS as lesions appear,...

Would you consider an anthracycline based substitution vs changing to nab-paclitaxel or a combination with platinum agent?

If no testicular mass on exam or ultrasound - is there a role for orchiectomy? What chemotherapy regimen would you use and how many cycles?

Patient had a clinical T2N0 cancer at diagnosis, completed 6 cycles TCHP, and had 0.2mm residual disease with 80% cellularity, negative sentinel node.

Has anyone omitted post path fracture radiation of pelvis/long bone in favor of starting endocrine treatment first? Or would one omit RT and start a C...

For T2bN0 or T3N0 disease, you consider radiation alone, sequential radiation followed by chemotherapy, or concurrent chemoradiation?

Data suggest patients with D842V-mutated or KIT/PDGFRA WT GIST do not respond to imatinib, but NCCN guidelines does not take into consideration mutati...

Do you prefer surgery vs radiation? For surgical patients, do you offer neoadjuvant chemotherapy? If so what regimen? 

Is there an optimal strategy to minimize unnecesary steroid use?For example, pre-treatment dexamethasone or 3 day dexamethasone? Prednisone only conti...

Has the recent approval of atezolizumab/bevacizumab impacted your decision making? 

Would it make a difference if the VTE diagnosis occurs during bevacizumab therapy or whether it preceded the cancer diagnosis?

Is it at neutrophil recovery, at documentation of CR on bone marrow biopsy, or is there a different point in time?

Do you give first line CDK 4/6 inhibitors with Tamoxifen or Aromatase Inhibitor (+/- GnRH analogue)?

Topotecan, nivolumab/ipilimumab and others are listed within NCCN guidelines, and lurbinectedin was recently approved in this space. How do you decide...

For a patient with high risk disease and a severe enough reaction that additional taxane-based therapy is contraindicated, do you consider alternate c...

Is there data and FDA approval for this indication? What about for nodal failure after radiation? 

The upfront plan is to use a definitive radiation dose of 66 Gy. My reading supports the use of 5FU + cisplatin but another doctor is recommending FOL...

NCCN recommends either ISRT with rituximab/chemotherapy or ISRT alone in this scenario.  What factors help your decision making?

She had had 4 prior biopsies. Would the fact that she received 2 months of neoadjuvant tamoxifen due to COVID change your approach?

Would you consider this refractory disease and go on to salvage regimen and auto-SCT, or is there a role for definitive XRT to the site of residual di...

The recent NELSON trial evaluates screening in a slightly different population than the USPSTF/NLST criteria. Which will you follow?

How does the changing landscape of first-line treatment impact your decision making for second line therapy?  

Since no data exists or is pending, and the two disease processes are similar, should we consider PARP inhibition in this setting? This is assumi...

While the KATHERINE trial for HER2+ used path staging, CREATE-X for TNBC with capecitabine used the Japanese Breast Cancer Society response criteria. ...

NCCN gives category 2b recommendation for either ER+ or ER-, HER2+ tumors, from the Tolaney NEJM 2015 paper with trastuzumab/paclitaxel.  However...

How do you balance risk of chemo after surgery with risk of progression of disease while waiting for healing after surgery before starting chemo?

I am considering every 6 week pembrolizumab dosing in patients >70 years old in whom I want to reduce clinic visits for, especially in the context ...

Given the recent reclassification of gain(1q21) as a high risk cytogenetic abnormality, has this changed your practice in managing newly diagnosed pat...

Is there any evidence for sacituzumab govitecan (IMMU-132) in this situation with progressive systemic disease after prior anthracycline and taxane?

Is there a role for neoadjuvant cisplatin-based chemotherapy? Do patients with sarcomatoid histology respond to checkpoint inhibitors?

TROG 99.03 showed nearly 20% improved PFS at 10 years with chemoimmunotherapy despite 31/75 patients assigned R-CVP vs 44/75 assigned CVP without ritu...

How would the sidedness of the tumor, BRAF, RAS,HER2 or MSI status affect your decision?

Is there evidence for daratumumab-based doublet regimens? Would your choice differ based on the patient's transplant eligibility?

< 4 lymph nodes involved, initial diagnosis was 11 years ago when she was treated with mastectomy and adjuvant tamoxifen for 5 years.  

For example, for joing replacement surgery? Do you hold the revlimid for certain about of time before and after?

Would you consider still immunotherapy even if aggressive disease vs single agent chemotherapy?

Would it affect your decision whether original primary tumor and treatment was hormone positive or negative?

Does the SYSUCC-001 trial presented at ASCO 2020 change your practice?

How would your treatment change given pCR rates are reportedly much lower in triple positive patients?

Given data presented at ASCO 2020? https://meetinglibrary.asco.org/record/191929/abstract

I care deeply about clinical trials but have always struggled on how to approach this topic. I would really appreciate tips from those of you who have...

This patient underwent mastectomy and ALND (10/28 positive lymph nodes). Immediately following axillary LN dissection (and prior to radiation) imaging...

Does your choice of agent differ, or are you more or less likely to offer maintenance than if the patient had multiple myeloma alone?

Is there a preference for obinutuzumab over rituximab in early relapsed DLBCL, or in primary refractory disease?

An ASCO 2020 poster from the German Testicular Cancer Study Group found that 37% of CSIS seminoma and nonseminoma were miscatagorized resulting in ina...

Data from the SOFT/TEXT trials showed clinical benefit in ovarian suppression + aromatase inhibition for high risk, premenopausal ...

What advice do you give regarding dietary practices, feeding tubes / parenteral nutrition, and pharmacotherapy specifically for cachexia?

For a patient not on dialysis? Outside of single agent 5FU, all other standard chemotherapeutic options would be contraindicated for nephrotoxicity.&n...

Given recent approval of niraparib (Zejula) for the maintenance treatment of adult patients with advanced epithelial ovarian, fallopian tube, or prima...

Would your approach change based on the type of reaction (eg. Stevens-Johnson syndrome vs DRESS)? How would you address maintenance (if any) post-tra...

Patients oftentimes have cardiac co-morbidities with requirement for anti-coagulation making TKIs, including Bevacizumab, difficult to dose. Would the...

For patients with low risk, early stage, hormone receptor positive, HER2 negative breast cancer who initiated endocrine therapy in order to delay thei...

For instance, would you discontinue when there is resolution of adenopathy and normalization of counts? If so, do you overlap ibrutinib with other the...

Should treatment be based on current histology (rhabdomyosarcoma) or origin (germ cell)?

This has been a common practice in the community. Is there a benefit for certain patients?

If yes, do you recommend it be given concurrently with chemotherapy or sequentially? What is your target volume and dose?

What if the patient has a history of confirmed COVID-19 but has since recovered?

Would you use a small cell regimen over a more traditional FOLFOX-esque approach?

Discussion of treatment options for midline low-grade glioma causing life-altering symptoms in a pregnant patient to avoid teratogenicity.

At what age would you treat an early stage hodgkins lymphoma patient with ABVD + RT (adult treatment) vs OEPA x 2 or AV-PC x 3 (pediatric paradigm)?&n...

Patient previously received neoadjuvant carboplatin, anthracycline and taxane regimen and is BRCA negative.

Can it be prevented? How do you evaluate patients? What non-pharmacologic or pharmacologic interventions do you use for treatment?

When using short course RT, the NCCN guidelines currently recommend short course RT followed by chemotherapy, followed by surgery. Many surgeons are h...

Guidelines do not provide strong guidance on who will benefit from temozolomide vs PCV or when to consider re-challenging with temozolomide.

Would you offer this patient chemotherapy? What are your thoughts about OFS plus AI and avoiding chemotherapy?

Does the availability of first line checkpoint inhibitor therapy affect your treatment decision? 

How would this change if the patient had metastatic HR+,HER2- breast cancer and now has symptomatic pancytopenia secondary to BM involvement after TCH...

Do different modalities of imaging (PET vs MRI vs CT) help you to distinguish one etiology versus the others? What about other clinical characteristic...

Would you consider single agent IO such as Nivolumab, given data are not strong (Checkmate 459)?

Do you limit it to post-pubertal patients? Do you offer it only if they will proceed with bone marrow transplantation after CAR-T?

Would you treated with local therapies (RFA or SRS) and continue pembrolizumab or would you move to second line treatment?

There are conflicting reports of increased incidence of bleomycin-induced lung toxicity with G-CSF.

Do you worry about the ability to collect stem cells (at the time of progression to MM) if someone with SMM has been on prolonged lenalidomide?

Would you consider genomic assays before neoadjuvant chemotherapy? How would you modify your treatment given the COVID-19 pandemic?

Would you use dual agent chemotherapy such as FOLFIRI, combination of chemo with biologic- IRI/Cetux or all 3 drugs simultaneously? How would sidednes...

Are you employing more or less primary chemoRT v. surgery for some cancers? Are you dose de-escalating? What are issues radiation oncologists should b...

T1a - 2mm; N1 - 1 ipsilateral lymph node measured 6mm Oncotype says too small to test and NGS says too few cancer cells to determine status.

Upfront surgery vs neoadjuvant therapy? And if neoadjuvant therapy, which regimen? Patient has a good PS.

Obviously, patient and caregiver preferences are paramount. But, what factors do you consider? Does expanded hospice (e.g., Medicare Care Choices) inf...

I know many centers are exercising extra precautions in light of the new concerns with coronavirus. How are people explaining things to their patients...

Would you consider using recently approved agent for symptomatic / unresectable PN, Selumetinib prior to Systemic Chemotherapy in this setting?

A patient with stage 3 melanoma on adjuvant nivolumab needs radioactive iodine for papillary thyroid cancer.

Quite often we encounter cholestatic hyperbilirubinemia, wherein GI and IR do not believe ERCP with stents or PTC will alleviate jaundice. If the pati...

Due to the apparent thrombogenic risk of COVID-19, would you consider holding tamoxifen in patients who test positive?

There are multiple regimens including IGEV and most recently reported results of BEGEV without preference on NCCN guidelines.

Does the anagrelide shortage play a role in your decision-making? Do you avoid anagrelide in general?

What are the risks of infection with COVID-19 if using immunotherapy?  

How do you prescribe a steroid taper? If it is grade 2, would you keep them on low dose prednisone while continuing? When do you feel comfortable re-c...

Are there specific mutations or co-mutations were you would consider use of this agent? 

Given the rarity of DLBCL with MYC/BCL2/BCL6 rearrangements, do you approach this disease differently than DLBCL with MYC/BCL2 or BCL6 rearrangement, ...

Aside from smoking cessation, what interventions have you found useful to manage patients with chronic symptomatic laryngeal edema? Steroids seem to b...

For example, would you consider switching to an outpatient regimen in lieu of AIM for metastatic soft tissue sarcoma?

Would you treat with typical small cell paradigms such as surgery followed by adjuvant platinum doublet +/- radiation vs definitive chemoradiation? Or...

If so, what dose-fractionation regimen do you utilize? What are your target volumes?

Should staging and treatment decisions be made based on imaging alone?

Patient is a  67yo with a pT1 (2.5mm) pN1a merkel cell of the chest, 1 mm deep, widely clear margins, SLN with 1.5mm met, 11 additional axillary ...

Would the recommendation differ based on HR+ vs. TNBC vs HER2+ classification? Would you recommend against immediate breast reconstruction?

Given that majority of benefit is derived from the capecitabine, would this be an acceptable option to decrease patient contact with the healthcare sy...

For example, gastric GIST, < 5 mitoses/hpf and size > 5 cm but < 10 cm is intermediate by NIH criteria but low by NCCN/CAP criteria.  Th...

Would you consider regorafenib based on the REGOBONE trial? Or would you consider other agents knowing that we do not have positive survival data with...

How would you approach a patient who is receiving chemoRT but has confirmed COVID-19 with minor symptoms, as breaking treatment for 2 weeks quarantine...

Personally, my practice is to guide patients directly to surgery or to do neoadjuvant chemotherapy rather than to do neoadjuvant endocrine therapy, bu...

For example, if you had a triple positive breast cancer found on breast biopsy and repeat ER/PR/HER2 testing at the time of surgical resection showed ...

The phase 2 trial of pembrolizumab in JCO 2019 showed efficacy, and I have patients preferring to avoid chemotherapy. 

What features are used to distinguish anaplastic multiple myeloma (AMM), and what other conditions should be considered in a differential diagnosis (e...

When a physical exam is important and telehealth is not a good option, should we be proactive and reschedule or should we continue to see them as sche...

Mitigating the spread of COVID-19 is of utmost priority now that containment measures have failed. Social distancing will help "flatten the curve" of ...

Would you forego neoadjuvant chemotherapy? Are you using growth factor support differently? Any changes to immunotherapy? Other considerations?

Many commercial testing assays report on EGFR gene amplification in addition to the known sensitizing mutations. Are there any data that this can be u...

Would you treat with chemotherapy (carboplatin/etoposide) vs anti-pd-1 monotherapy vs combination chemoimmunotherapy vs supportive care?

Is there specific workup you perform? Are there preventive measures? Once established, are there non-pharmacological and pharmacological treatments yo...

Would presence of features considered high risk in stage II sway your interpretation of the IDEA trial? 

ie, not a classic NTRK3-ETV6 fusion.The patient has progressed through CDk4/6 inhibitors and intolerant of alpelisib, and does not want chemotherapy.&...

She has no other site of disease progression and has been on an aromatase inhibitor (progressed in the CNS while on a study with adjuvant abemaciclib)...

The APT trial reported excellent DFS, OS and RFI for tumors <=3cm but few were smaller T2s (2-3 cm) and few were >70 years old.

For example, for a patient that has been through multiple disfiguring surgeries and radiation and wants to delay time to next resection.

Tumor 13 cm on back with retiform and kaposiform features; all margins negative except one abuts inked margin; atypical cells with 4 mitosis/HPF. Add...

With extensive use of NGS testing, it is commonplace to identify mutations that have no validated therapeutic intervention, but strong biologic signal...

Would you offer nodal dissection and/or additional adjuvant immunotherapy in addition to wide local excision?

This patient is interested in conceiving and therefore would like to wait to start the tamoxifen.

How do you sequence systemic treatment options for metastatic HCC in Patients with Child's Pugh B Cirrhosis?  When do you incorporate immunother...

For example, if a patient had testosterone pellets injected, perhaps making endocrine therapy less efficacious, would that sway you to use chemo?

Being that this is a favorable histology would you use Oncotype Dx to help decide on neoadjuvant chemotherapy? Would you recommend neoadjuvant endocri...

Do the potential late effects offset any benefit of mediastinal XRT in a young patient with bulky disease?

In the absence of side effects, would you be inclined to continue beyond 10 years as chemoprevention? Would you factor an intermediate/high oncotype R...

How would you manage symptoms? How would you adjust the adjuvant regimen (dose reduce, omit paclitaxel etc)? What strategies would you consider for pr...

In your experience, what approach has been successful to bridge to surgery?

There was an abstract in European J of Cancer (Srinivasan R, 2014:50: S6, P8) showing a good response rate with Bevacizumab and Erlotinib. Would you u...

To me, the recent NEJM study is flawed in that the control arm did not have maintenance treatment while the experimental arm used maintenance Dar...

Would you recommend surgical resection if feasible? Or just monitor every 3-6 months as NCCN guidelines suggest? Would your management differ based o...

How would a much higher risk cancer affect decision making? How would you treat him? 

Data presented at the 2017 SABCS (abstract GS1-01) of the EBCTCG meta-analysis stating a benefit of dose-dense chemotherapy applies to ER positive and...

Would you proceed to autologous transplant, or switch to an alternate regimen (eg. daratumumab-based) first? Would the type or degree of organ involv...

How do you choose between single-agent or combination chemotherapy versus newer treatment strategies such as palbociclib?

Abstract 5014 at ASCO annual meeting 2019 showed superiority of PSMA-PET imaging over fluciclovine-PET imaging.  Are you utilizing these speciali...

Would your choice be affected by which high risk features the patient has (eg. double- or triple-hit status vs IPI score of 3-4)?

Keynote 407 recently published data on pembrolizumab +/- chemo for metastatic squamous cell lung cancer.  The confidence interval for the group w...

Specifically with reference to rural settings where the logistics of early in the week delivery may be more challenging.

In a patient with no evidence of bleeding, do you use a platelet cutoff? Do you utilize genomic testing (eg CALR, MPL, JAK2, etc.) to decide on cytore...

Especially if you don't have trials available at the moment. Would you try off-label erdafitinib (given recent data on bladder cancer) or 2nd line ge...

Do the results of the unplanned subset analysis of the PACIFIC trial showing no OS benefit in this population lean you away from consolidation?

Up to six cycles of treatment were given in the ABC02 trial.  Do you offer other treatments if you don't continue gem/cis beyond 24 weeks?

Of note, CLASSIC (Noh; Lancet Onc 2014) nor ARTIST (Lee; JCO 2012) evaluated other histologic subtypes, is the approach to treatment any different tha...

This question has come up most frequently with respect to the flu vaccine recently. Also, frequently this has been asked about the shingles vaccine an...

In light of the results of the ESPAC-4 trial, is combination gemcitabine plus capecitabine being considered over single agent gemcitabine for adjuvant...

For example, if a biopsy reads: lesion comprised of spindle cells arranged in a fascicular pattern, elongated, hyperchromatic nuclei, focally positive...

Do you use the same high risk factors as adenocarcinoma when deciding on adjuvant treatment for early stage disease?

Would you recommend it for a mammographically occult primary or if the patient had dense breasts?  What if a high risk patient decides not to hav...

If so, for what platelet count threshold and do you have a preference as to which agent?

Once a tissue biopsy has confirmed light chain amyloid, what additional tests do you perform as part of a standard workup? In whom should treatment b...

Endocrine therapy is usually not indicated for DCIS s/p bilateral mastectomy, but would the fact that residual tissue (nipple-sparing) alter your deci...

Would you offer adjuvant chemotherapy to a post-menopausal woman with a BRCA2 mutation and a T2N0 ER positive breast cancer with an oncotype of 12?

Ampullary carcinoma is not in the NCCN guidelines. Please address not only the role for therapy but the optimal regimen (i.e. Gem based, vs mFOLFIRINO...

There are multiple options that carry a category 2B recommendation in the NCCN guidelines. Does germinal B center type vs activated B-cell type play a...

Are there specific patient groups where you would choose one over the other? Are the cost differences significant enough to dissuade you from choosin...

In practice, does starting with chemoradiation followed by chemotherapy result in a significant delay in initiating chemotherapy or a patient's abilit...

How do you approach this given the limited # of patients this applies to?  Checkmate 017 and 057 only had 5-7% of patients still on nivolumab at ...

In the SPARTAN trial, median PSA at study entry was ~ 7. Does the MFS benefit extend to patients with low PSA(< 2 or < 1)?

Do these events mandate discontinuation of lenalidomide therapy or switching to a different agent? Can appropriate therapy for these skin cancers be r...

It is included in favorable histologies on NCCN, but no mention of how to treat based off HER2 status.

In patients who have a mixed response or progression and are poor candidates for other systemic agents, would you consider consolidating the chest? Wo...

Would your recommendations change in the neoadjuvant versus adjuvant or metastatic setting?

In the absence of a frontline clinical trial, would you treat with carboplatin+pemetrexed+pembrolizumab or consider IMPOWER 150 or other?

Would the presence of peritoneal carcinomatosis change your treatment strategy? If Ki-67 <50%, would you avoid platinum based cytotoxics?

Are the other options of chemotherapy that can be used instead of platinum based doublets, including with paclitaxel? 

i.e. doxorubicin, ifosfamide + RT. Do you worry about decreased locoregional control or increased toxicities with the use of G-CSF in combination with...

Specifically, do you consider repeating maintenance therapy after second line therapy if a patient had already received 2 years of maintenance rituxim...

If a young and otherwise healthy patient with normal echocardiogram and no other cardiac risk factors needs treatment for DLBCL, but has previously re...

She had disease progression on palbociclib and letrozole. She also has a PIK3CA mutation however did not tolerate alpelisib due to Grade 3 hyperglycem...

The German trial included patients with tumors up to 16cm from the anal verge, while the Swedish trial update found no local control benefit for tumor...

Would you consider first line treatment with somatostatin analog or Lu 177 dotatate? Is observation an option for asymptomatic patients?

Given the variable and sometimes indolent disease course of these patients, as well as the absence of a clear overall survival benefit in the PROMID&n...

-The data on induction for adult H&N ca has been mixed (excluded NPX) but recent data suggest a benefit for adult NPX. -Given that this is standa...

Would you still proceed to high-dose therapy and autologous SCT? Would you incorporate radiation pre- or post- transplant? Or offer additional salvag...

Do you re-challenge with nivolumab alone, change from nivo 1/ipi 3 to nivo 3/ipi 1 upon re-challenge, or stop immunotherapy altogether if grade 3?&nbs...

For instance, if the fluclicovine scan shows a few small avid nodes not only in the pelvis but extending to the paraaortic region, would you treat the...

Specifically, do you utilize 3 cycles of chemo with ISRT or 6 cycles? Do you use R-EPOCH or R-CHOP in these cases?

Knowing that benefit of contralateral mastectomy is lower in older women who has already manifested BRCA related cancer and 10-20 % mastectomy related...

For instance, do you ever start with dasatinib 50 mg daily?  Are there any titration schedules that you follow?

Would you approach with curative intent with locoregional treatment or systemic treatment alone?

NCCN include active surveillance as an option in specific circumstances based on Rini et al. (Lancet Oncology 2016) however this set is not well defin...

Margins were negative and there was no evidence of LCIS or lobular component in the lumpectomy specimen. Role for possible mastectomy?    ...

Would you treat with chemoimmunotherapy based on IMvigor130 data presented at ESMO Congress 2019?

What would be the next line of treatment, PRRT, capecitabine and temozolomide or other?

Does the results of the tnAcity trial influence your decision in choosing a 1st line option?

In patients who continue to have insomnia despite diphenhydramine, benzos, and trazodone, are there other evidence based treatments that are helpful?

In a patient with lung cancer with both NSCLC and SCLC components, would you offer carbo/pem/pembro or carbo/etoposide/atezolizumab? Or any other alte...

Is there a "best" way to approach treatment of the viral infection i.e concurrently with therapy, prior to therapy, delayed or post therapy? Does this...

If you do employ this strategy, are there a number of liver lesions (eg <4) or duration of response that guide your decision making?

Would you suspect progressive disease v. radiation necrosis vs optic neuritis due to immunotherapy. Eyes were within radiation field 8 months ago.&nbs...

Status post nasolacrimal stent with improvement.  Would you re-challenge or permanently discontinue docetaxel?

e.g. lymph node metastasis, presence of tumor involving the peritoneal surfaces and/or the abdominal wall. If so, which regimen would you offer?

NCCN recommends annual CT surveillance indefinitely after year 5, but I’m curious how many physicians continue and for how long?

Given the PFS benefit seen in the most recent ECOG-ACRIN, and the prior study of Rd showing an OS benefit, is your practice to put any high-risk SMM p...

e.g. mixed indolent/aggressive NHL, mixed NHL/HL? Is there a definitive way to discern composite from transformation? NCCN does not list recommendatio...

The NCCN guidelines regard  MET exon 14 skip mutation   as an emerging biomarker but no formal recommendation to start crizotinib. If high P...

Would you alter your SBRT dose? How long would you hold the VEGF inhibitor before and after? Does the primary matter (e.g. NSCLC vs. colorectal)?

Are there any biomarkers that would affect your decision for first line PD-1 therapy (including but not limited to STK11)? 

1st-line pembrolizumab is supposed to be used AFTER failure of appropriate targeted agents in this setting, but would you consider the reverse sequenc...

if so, are there specific cytogenetic, molecular, clinical, or hematologic factors that you take into consideration?

A number of phase 2 trials support various combinations (e.g. gem/ox, cape/cis, cape/ox, 5-FU based) -- how do you decide either between these regimen...

The NCCN seems to make its recommendation based on extrapolation from colon cancer, but those patients are not treated with pre-op chemoRT.

More generally, do absorption issues effect the efficacy of tamoxifen and/or aromatase inhibitors?

Specifically, how do you explain potential cognitive decline in a way that explains what changes they can expect in their daily lives?

Prior localized HR+,HER2- breast cancer treated with adjuvant AC-T (5years ago) Recent ipsilateral axillary recurrence (HR-,HER2+) s/p neoadjuvant TC...

How would you handle high risk features (eg double hit) with the limitations of dialysis?

Patient initially was started on cetuximab due to renal insufficiency of unclear chronicity (uncontrolled hypertension) that significantly improved du...

Based on the RADICALS-RT trial presented at ESMO, can RT be omitted in post op prostate patients in favor of salvage RT? If not which group of patient...

For example, is there any data to suggest a benefit to starting with immunotherapy prior to TKI or the alternative?

For instance, not chronic autoimmune diseases (eg RA, IBD) that may relapse/remit but events like Guillan Barre syndrome that is not likely to recur b...

Would you consider an aggressive approach with RT and/or surgery to the bone lesion and treat the primary as locally advanced breast cancer?

Although platinum/5-FU was used in KEYNOTE-048, can an alternative like carbo/paclitaxel be given since it may be better tolerated?

i.e. gross disease on scans that is too diffuse to be removed completely and/or decreasing but not normal markers Do you pursue close surveillance, s...

Received neoadjuvant ddAC/T followed by adjuvant capecitabine for residual disease and found to have metastatic pulmonary nodules within months of sur...

Given not surgical candidate and within 1 year of chemoRT (recurrence within RT field), would you repeat chemoRT, RT alone, or systemic therapy alone?...

Is there an age limit you use to consider MAP? Would you consider using AIM instead?

How do you choose between local therapy (surgical debulking or ablation) v. 2nd line systemic therapy? Would you consider immunotherapy?

How would you approach a post-menopausal woman who now wishes to start adjuvant endocrine therapy more than 3 years since surgery?  

Would you prefer first-line AI/CDK 4/6 inhibitor, or first-line AI followed by 2nd-line fulvestrant/CDK 4/6 inhibitor (either abemaciclib, once availa...

Would presence of TP53 mutation weigh in on the offer of radiation? Would there be any change expected on the chemo regimen?

Would you consider adding trastuzumab to cis/gem in the first line? If not, would you consider adding Her2 directed therapy to FOLFIRI or FOLFOX in th...

Do you continue with FOLFIRI for a period and then switch to olaparib (and if so, when do you make that switch) or do you switch directly after FOLFIR...

How about those with metastatic disease eager to maintain quality of life? Do you risk progression of disease if the TNF blocker is re-started?

Particularly if steroids are used for non-immunotherapy toxicities (COPD exacerbation, brain edema, autoimmune diseases to name a few) -- when do you ...

Specifically, would you consider utilizing sodium thiosulfate in adults based on the pediatric data from Brock et al. NEJM 2018?

Would you give 3 cycles of RCHOP followed by consolidative IFRT or 6 cycles of R-mini CHOP? Is there a role for 3 cycles of R-mini CHOP followed by IF...

Thrombosis was ruled out and no etiology was found.  Would you start ponatinib back at a lower dose, transition to omacetaxine or begin transplan...

Does the precise location of duodenal cancer even matter given that treatment would be 5FU/platinum based. Also with the knowledge of impact of sidedn...

If yes, would you still recommend dual HER2 directed therapy? After the TRYPHAENA trial, neoadjuvant therapy with dual HER2 directed therapy has beco...

How do you assess risk of tumor lysis syndrome, and is hydration sufficient or should hypouricemic agents be used as well?

No actionable mutation on NGS testing. What approved therapy do you prefer? Are there specific investigational agents currently in clinical trial...

What would be a safe dose for ifosfamide and how would you time with HD? Alternatively, would you recommend a different regimen? What about using neoa...

Given metastatic disease and not a trial candidate, how would you approach this scenario? How does an underlying diagnosis of NF1 affect your decision...

Given that DBA is associated with increased incidence of MDS, AML and other solid tumors, would this modify your treatment recommendations?

For early stage disease in a single breast, would you consider neoadjuvant chemotherapy or upfront surgical staging followed by adjuvant therapy? What...

Given the potential high risk of developing pneumonitis with TKI post checkpoint inhibitor, do you avoid TKIs and try a different regimen (ex carbo/pa...

When, if ever, do you utilize adjuvant RT or chemotherapy?

On occasion, patients with locally advanced gastric cancer are poor candidates for FLOT-like chemotherapy. Should such patients be taken to surgery up...

Do you tailor treatment to a goal response?  Do you refer to data illustrating improved prognosis if the patient develops a CR or PR?

Provided the sternal lesion was low volume and treated with curative intent and patient has been on tamoxifen for < 5 years, would you switch to AI...

UpToDate indicates that VIP is an alternative to BEP for men who are not candidates for bleomycin, and that one criteria for not being such a candidat...

Has the utility of BRAF in CRC expanded beyond guiding prognosis? Is there a role in non-metastatic CRC?

Patient characteristics would unarguably be a deciding factor, but outside of these how would you approach the situation?

Patient has small cell carcinoma of the bladder with extensive hepatic metastases. Would you extrapolate the approach from IMpower133?

PIK3CA and ESR1 mutations on NGS without other targets and who has progressed on CDK 4/6 & AI and several single agent chemotherapies.  Aside...

Exploratory analysis of the MAGIC trial suggested perioperative chemotherapy was detrimental in this subset of patients. Has availability of IO altere...

NCCN suggests to consider continuation of imatinib from some single/multi institution non-randomized trials for ~2 years, but does not suggest what fa...

Following SRS to the brain lesions, is it safe to closely follow the patient for recurrence?  

With the recent finding of benefit of pembrolizumab and SBRT (PMID: 31294749), would you consider "adjuvant" pembrolizumab for PDL1 positive patients?...

Do you recommend or make any modifications in the PACIFIC regimen for patients > 75 years of age?

There is some data on TMZ and 5FU based regimens, but convincing evidence is lacking. How would you approach this situation?

Should cystectomy remain standard of care? (Recently debated in JAMA Oncology: http://jamanetwork.com/journals/jamaoncology/article-abstract/2520055...

Tamoxifen prophylaxis has not been studied in women <35 years old, but it would be reasonable to assume they would benefit.

In a patient with a prior response to ADT and progression on taxane and platinum chemotherapy, would you consider AR directed therapy?

Given nationwide shortage in Vinblastine, several of my patients under active therapy are facing delays in their therapies. Is it appropriate to subst...

I have seen some advocate for this in the community, although a Cochrane metanalysis did not find an advantage to giving the taxane earlier.

Some specific questions: Would you recommend repeat biopsy to confirm residual disease? How would your recommendations vary if the patient had pre...

In a patient with who had undergone neoadjuvant TCH-P, lumpectomy, and RT and is currently on AI, pertuzumab, and trastuzumab, how do you think about ...

Would you reserve TKI for after standard of care chemotherapy and immunotherapy or consider earlier line of treatment?

NCCN lists PCV as category 1 (and now with analysis in Abstract 2002 from ASCO 2019 showing benefit in IDH mutated), and temozolomide as 2B, yet temoz...

Do you await molecular and cytogenetic results prior to initiating therapy, or does age and function status primarily drive your choice?

NCCN does not list any preferences for the TKIs in their guidelines.

Neratinib was studied following adjuvant trastuzumab. Do you extrapolate that data to give neratinib to patients who have received adjuvant T-DM1 inst...

The ABC trials (Blum, JCO, 2017) used six cycles of TC. Is it because of the superiority seen with TC x four cycles versus standard AC x four cycles (...

I.e., Can day 2 Rituximab (RCHOP) or day 6 Rituximab (DA-EPOCH, Hyper CVAD) be given? Or should only Day 1 Rituximab be used with chemoimmunotherapy i...

In clinical practice, consolidation chemotherapy is sometimes used, though this was not implemented in the PACIFIC trial. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.go...

Would you be more or less likely to use a cisplatin-containing regimen if a patient had previously responded to chemoradiation with concurrent cisplat...

Since some prior studies (eg. Eskelund et al. Blood 2017 130:1903-10.) have shown intensive chemoimmunotherapy does not overcome the ad...

Often patients are referred to medical oncology for adjuvant therapy for early stage breast cancer after BCS and just before starting radiation.

For instance, in borderline cases for neoadjuvant therapy (e.g. T2N1 disease), should both be obtained to increase accuracy?

Since ECHELON-1 trial showed an improvement in PFS (but not OS), are there any situations where you would replace bleomycin with brentuximab...

Would this approach be different for a patient treated with tri-modality therapy (ie neoadjuvant chemoradiation followed by resection)?

Given the prior results of Keynote 189, how do you plan to utilize the data from Keynote 042 with pembrolizumab monotherapy?  

Or do you reserve in case of oligo-progression or progressive/symptomatic disease? 

Would you give chemotherapy concurrently with radiation? Would you change your radiation dose?

Does the STAMPEDE trial, showing a survival benefit with the addition of docetaxel to standard treatment, change the standard of care for high risk, n...

The GeparSixto, CALGB 40603, and more recently Prospero support doing it; however, it is not currently endorsed by NCCN and the latter Prospero s...

There is increased stroke risk after 65 years of age with bevacizumab. Does that stop you from using it?  

Would you offer definitive management with radiation and ADT? Or systemic therapy alone such as with ADT+abiraterone?

She developed biopsy proven skin nodules while on paclitaxel. PDL-1 positive and BRCA negative. Would you consider atezolizumab with a different agent...

What are the major factors that impact your decision? If you opt for surgery, what factors impact your decision to offer RT preoperatively vs. postope...

KEYNOTE-062 showed deep durable responses are possible with upfront pembro, specifically in the CPS >10 subset, with OS advantage when compare...

ENZAMET and TITAN trials published at ASCO 2019 show benefit to both 2nd generation AR antagonists when compared to placebo but wondering how this wil...

She is otherwise asymptomatic and no LFT abnormalities. Would you switch to chemotherapy or offer different endocrine therapy?

Rate of pneumonitis was low in the PACIFIC trial but does it mirror the real world setting? We are seeing increased pneumonitis in our practice.

For example - Would you offer tandem transplantation in a young, fit patient in a CR after first transplant, but with MRD detectable?

Some ENTs advocate for a neck dissection as a way to avoid chemotherapy if there is a high chance there is no ECE. This is without removing the primar...

What clinical criteria would make you prefer TORS as the initial treatment approach?  

Would you follow an algorithm such as the one proposed by Hall et al? How do you decide between intrathecal chemotherapy vs systemic therapy with HD-...

Would you proceed with induction chemotherapy (eg TPF or cis/gem) to downstage or neoadjuvant chemoRT? Would your approach be different if there is or...

Do you feel it is important to start durvalumab within 14 days of completing cCRT?  What real life challenges do you face in doing so and wh...

Do you consider size > 2cm, visceral pleural invasion or vascular invasion as indications for cisplatin-based chemotherapy? 

Have you seen RAI or lenvatinib be efficacious for locally advanced disease — allowing for better surgical outcomes?  Do you utilize EBRT?

How do you decide?  Do the results of recently published phase III data in the Lancet Oncology (Sun et al, Sept 2016) influence your decisio...

FDA package insert lists posaconazole as strong cyp3A4 inhibitor and states to consider other therapies.

For those that do receive adjuvant therapy with stage II disease, we know magnitude of benefit to be lower.  If the decision is made to administe...

Medical inoperability is clearly defined, anatomical resectability is also pretty much clear (invasion of trachea/carina/esophagus, etc). But what abo...

Would you treat to the GEJ regardless of whether the positive node was identified in the upper portion of station 8? Do surgeons routinely dissect to ...

NCCN guidelines recommend adjuvant chemotherapy for patients with stage 2 or 3 R0 resected NSCLC including 4 cycles of platinum based chemotherapy, bu...

Do you follow invasive or DCIS guidelines? Would you consider re-excision in a patient with multifocal microinvasive carcinoma of the breast arising i...

Do you offer perioperative chemo with metastectomy with an isolated liver metastasis? The RENAISSANCE/AIO-FLOT5 trial (PMID:30448343) is seeking to an...

Why do the NCCN guidelines suggest using neoadjuvant therapy only for patients with T2 or greater tumors?

Should this be done at the time of recurrence or after failure of 1st line therapy for recurrence?

 If so, would you treat as node + BC with  anthracycline and taxane regimen or   non-anthracycline regimen (i.e  docetaxel and cyc...

With increasing utility of immunotherapy across cancer types, patients with history of solid organ transplants may face need for cancer IO. How do you...

Patient defers chemotherapy. She is currently on anastrozole/Herceptin and perjeta with a response but it is suboptimal. I would like to add a CDK 4/6...

Does presenting total white blood cell count affect your decision? Does myeloid subtype affect your decision? 

How would you treat metastatic, unresectable, solitary fibrous tumor in a patient with mild hemophilia A? Each anti-VEGF medication comes with a warni...

Do you consider specific pre-medications, an alternate checkpoint inhibitor, or abandon ICI altogether? 

Data was presented at ASCO in 2017 that abemaciclib has brain activity in HR positive breast cancer.

Do you routinely offer post-operative adjuvant radiation in addition to chemotherapy? 

Retrospective studies (PMID: 29935305, PMID: 30125216) have shown a correlation between poorer outcome and baseline steroid use in patients treat...

If you are using a standard 30/10 fractionation, is there a benefit to keeping chemo on board for radio-sensitization?

Most guidelines recommended adjuvant chemotherapy if tumor size was >3cm at the time of TAILOR Rx and patients with tumors >5cm were not include...

How might your decision change if the patient had a suitable 10/10 donor? How about if the patient had a targetable molecular mutation such as IDH2?

The use of neoadjuvant CDK 4/6 inhibitors is not standard of care, but there are clinical trials looking at this question and patients who are chemoth...

AI+ CK4/6 inhibitor? Fulvestrant + CK4/6 inhibitor? AI + fulvestrant? AI + fulvestrant + CK4/6 inhibitor?

Are there any patient and/or pathologic features that would lend you to considering IL-2 over other approved I/O or TKI therapies?

Would you proceed with modified radical mastectomy followed by systemic therapy, or would you consider neoadjuvant therapy? Would biomarker status mat...

Does the presence of N1 disease push you towards offering chemotherapy or would you continue endocrine therapy based on the PR?

Retrospective data suggest clinically significant disease flare after tyrosine kinase inhibitor discontinuation in patients with EGFR-mutant lung canc...

Although the MMR vaccine is contraindicated in immunosuppressed patients on anticancer treatment according to CDC/ACIP and IDSA guidelines, data on sa...

First line pembrolizumab is only approved after progression on TKI - but would you ever offer chemo-immunotherapy prior to target therapy? 

Is the timing of progression (in relation to chemoradiation) a factor, and is there any role for repeat PD-L1 testing at the time of progression?

I have seen the question regarding treatment of non-clear cell RCC in general: https://www.themednet.org/question/3934. Is there any data or experienc...

Arterial events have clear instructions to permanently discontinue on the FDA label.  Especially in HCC without many other treatment options, giv...

The woman was on on a GnRH agonist + AI due to her premenopausal status at diagnosis and now wants to know if she continues to need the GnRH agonist.&...

I know that many advocate using vaginal estrogen in this situation.  Most of the studies of vaginal estrogen in this situation have been small an...

The FDA has approved the new dosing schedule of Nivolumab 480 mg every 4 weeks for multiple disease sites (melanoma, RCC, urothelial carcinoma, SCC of...

The EGFR subgroup appeared not have benefited as much as other patients in the publication. However, recently it was reported that the PACIFIC study m...

How does grade or performance status affect your treatment decisions?

Does anatomic location (eg retroperitoneal or thoracic) affect your treatment decision?

Do you have a time threshold for re-challenge with platinum?  Of note, Checkmate 141 defined platinum refractory as relapse within 6 months of pl...

For the first treatment day (during combined chemo/XRT courses), is it ok to give XRT first then send the patient for chemo or should the chemo be giv...

When 5FU is a backbone to so many regimens, when (if ever) do you consider re-challenging so as not to abandon an entire line of therapy?

The NCCN recommends either systemic therapy + brachytherapy or pelvic RT + brachy or brachy alone or observation. How do you decide among these option...

Would you consider adding atezolizumab to a cisplatin/irinotecan regimen, or cisplatin instead of carboplatin?

In obese patients, would it make sense to switch from a GnRH agonist to an antagonist based on the data from the recent JCO study of dagrelix vs. trip...

This is specifically in regards to metastatic colon cancer with good disease control of disease on FOLFOX and preserved hepatic function.  

NCCN recommendations seem to mention these patients as not candidates for preoperative systemic therapy if the invasive carcinoma extension cannot be ...

What would be the optimal sequence of surgery, radiation, and chemotherapy for this patient? This patient has an excellent performance status and...

For example, a patient has had multiple dose reductions for neutropenia and required an admission for infection while on palbociclib. Would you switch...

Clinical T1c patients were included in the KATHERINE trial that often are treated with adjuvant paclitaxel and trastuzumab

Is there a point at which there may be no benefit? More than 3 months from breast surgery? 6 months? 1 year?

Would you maintain dose density of chemotherapy and use peg-filgrastim prior to delivery of the baby? Would you defer taxane and anti-HER2 therapy unt...

If so, what would be the regimen that you would consider and what factors would sway you for or against chemotherapy for such patients?

The ABC trials show a DFS advantage of anthracycline-based regimens. Would age alone procure you from using it in a patient?

This patient is a young lady with stage IV ER/PR positive, Her2 negative with oligometastatic  breast cancer undergoing a planned bilateral oophe...

Given the recent press release regarding the update on the phase 3 soft tissue sarcoma study of LARTRUVO (olaratumab) showing no benefit to the combin...

Given the recent results presented from the Griffin trial, would you choose a daratumumab-based regimen (eg. D-VRd) over other salvage options (V...

Can repeating Oncotype on a locoregional recurrence show a change in the biologic behavior of the cancer over time and guide treatment decisions?

In light of the data from ERA223 showing increased deaths and fractures with the combination of radium-223 and abiraterone compared to abiraterone alo...

The recurrence was 2 years after treatment with ddAC + T.  If you elect for systemic therapy after local therapy, what chemotherapy would you use...

Is there a subset of patients for which you consider one regimen over the other (i.e. AC-THP v.TCHP)? If using an anthracycline regimen, do you u...

IHC has been repeated and confirms triple negative disease. 

What features would make you more likely to recommend radiation therapy with chemotherapy?

We know the longer we expose patients to lenalidomide, the harder collection will be. Would you collect now or switch to an alternative regimen to ach...

No other site of metastatic disease. It is unclear if this situation should be managed as two separate primaries or metastatic disease.

What factors do you use to decide between weekly low-dose carboplatin and paclitaxel combination vs cisplatin based doublet, and do you routinelt...

Two new phase 2 studies this year with apatinib/oral etoposide (AEROC) and sorafenib/topotecan (TRIAS) were released, and NCCN also lists many single ...

One such patient progressed through trastuzumab/pertuzumab/letrozole and TDM1 alone.  How would you combine ER+ approaches (eg CDK 4/6 inhibitor ...

A recent NCBD analysis (Rusthoven et al, JCO 2016) suggests that the addition of prostate RT significantly improves survival compared to ADT alon...

Do your recommendations differ if patients are pre or postmenopausal given the data?

Do you prefer WBRT, IT chemo or targeted systemic therapy and what is your preference on the sequence of therapies?

There is no primary and no distant disease seen on restaging PET. RTOG 0236 shows significant regional failure rate. Some have reported salv...

Do you ever start radiation +/- 24-48 hrs from C1D1 for chemotherapy due to logistical barriers? Do you prefer chemotherapy to start at beginning of ...

Treatment for small cell/neuroendocrine prostate is extrapolated from data on small cell lung cancer. It now appears that Carboplatin + Etoposide + At...

For instance, in stage III, would you use chemotherapy in neoadjuvant or adjuvant setting?  What regimen would you use?

Do you recommend or withhold influenza and pneumonia vaccines while on treatment with checkpoint inhibitors?

Are you directed by symptoms, PSA changes or do you have a standard schedule regardless of those factors?

Would the site of disease relapse play a role in your decision (i.e. isolated lymph node recurrence versus failure at primary site of disease)?

Which appetite stimulants are the most effective? How do you respond to patients who request medical marijuana?

And how long? According to the ABCSG-16 Trial there was no difference in extending AI beyond 2 years after an initial 5 years.  

Has the recent data presented at ASH affected your choice of regimen? Would your choice differ between transplant-eligible and transplant-ineligible ...

Shanafelt et al. recently presented results from the phase III E1912 study at ASH 2018. Will you still utilize FCR as first-line or now use Ritux...

Since the randomized phase II data from Gomez et al presented at ASTRO 2018 showed a survival benefit, is there concern about randomizing patients to ...

Does the answer vary based on whether it is neo/adjuvant or metastatic setting?

Would MRD assessments affect your clinical decision making for MM patients outside of a clinical trial?

Is concurrent chemotherapy necessary for these patients?

One example is the original breast cancer ER high 90%, PR mod to high 40%, Her2 negative.  A liver metastasis diagnosed 2 years later showed ER l...

Does the lack of D2 dissection automatically necessitate adjuvant chemoradiation therapy (ie <5 LN obtained)? Would the presence of high risk facto...

For example first-line ribociclib/letrozole, and second-line palbociclib/fulvestrant?  Without data, would there be any expected benefit?

The patient was previously treated with TAC x 6 (cumulative Adriamycin dose of 300 mg/m2) for a triple negative breast cancer. Would you consider inco...

I have seen favorable clinical trial reports on dasatinib for metastatic disease, but no data on possible adjuvant use.  NCCN guidelines suggest ...

Does papillary histology influence your decisions regarding surgery, chemo, radiation dose or nodal coverage?

For a patient with cT3-4N0 rectal cancer, does the dose of the previous RT affect your decision making (for example, 45 Gy to the pelvis with boo...

If there is no other evidence of metastatic disease, would you offer thoracic radiation? Either upfront with chemo or after initial system therapy if ...

OS benefit was limited to patients with endocrine sensitivity, defined as either a documented clinical benefit (CR, PR, or SD for ≥24 weeks) f...

Abstract LBA5_PR ‘Radiotherapy (RT) to the primary tumour for men with newly-diagnosed metastatic prostate cancer (PCA): survival results from S...

Routinely? Only with oropharyngeal cancer etc.? Given that low expression of EGFR subset did better, do you believe there is a true benefit in cetuxim...

The NCCN guidelines suggest surgery can be considered for up to T3N2 NSCLC after a period of induction chemotherapy/chemo-radiation without progressio...

Specifically, what regimen would you choose in a patient with new renal failure but not requiring dialysis?

The trials for adjuvant nivo, ipi and BRAF targeted therapy excluded patients with high risk stage 2. If no clinical trials are available, would you o...

Is this recommended in a certain subset of patients (EGFR positive or 1 metastasis only)? Or should we await maturation of the MD Anderson/Colorado/On...

What factors influence your decision (patient/disease characteristics, additional agents added to induction chemotherapy, CR1 or later, etc)?

Currently, nivolumab is approved as a second line systemic therapy for patients with metastatic HCC with Child-Pugh (CP) A-B7 based on results fr...

How do you approach a decision to retry a previously failed therapy if patient does not wish to pursue a clinical trial? Does sidedness (left or right...

Does an age over 70 years, size, histology and hormone receptor status affect this decision? 

If a patient obtains a PR or less to front line cladribine, what factors help you chose between a second course of cladribine, an alternative pur...

What other pathologic features may you use to guide therapy decisions (eg mitoses/grade or NGS)?  If you decide on adjuvant therapy, what regimen...

Carbo/pemetrexed/pembrolizumab, carbo/pemtrexed without immunotherapy or second line immunotherapy (Nivo, Pem or atezolizumab)?

Patients with T3aN1a( stage IIIA per AJCC7) were excluded from nivolumab adjuvant trial. Would you consider nivolumab in these patients?

Do you offer chemotherapy upfront in all patients or only if borderline resectable/unresectable?  If you treat, what regimen do you use and how l...

Prospective International Randomized Phase II Study of Low-Dose Abiteraterone with Food versus Standard Dose Abiraterone In Castration-Resistant Prost...

The patient only had disease involving the right breast and axillary, cervical, and supraclavicular lymph nodes. She had complete response to with ddA...

Would you offer locoregional control alone, locoregional with adjuvant therapy, or active surveillance?

What would you consider in the first and second line settings with intact MMR/MSI?

Prior to the PACIFIC trial, patients were treated with definitive chemo/rads. With local recurrence <1yr after chemorads and definitive treatment f...

 Ex. TP53, BRCA, T790M, or another? As of now, T790M mutation is one of the few de novo mutations found in treatment naïve patients  th...

The ALTA and ALEX trials showed better PFS with brigatinib v. crizotinib and alectinib v. crizotinib. How do you choose your first...

Would starting with chemotherapy be preferred in this situation and consider concurrent radiation, then switch over to Pembrolizumab once some control...

Checkpoint inhibitors have demonstrated durable responses in clinical trials, which was never seen with cytotoxic chemotherapy in the past. What are t...

Which neo-adjuvant or peri-operative chemotherapy regimen would you choose? NCCN guidelines recommend FLOT or FOLFOX in the peri-operative setting vs....

When is it warranted to utilize targeted therapies for known mutations (eg. midostaurin or an alternative TKI for FLT3 mutations, ivosidenib for ...

Is there any role for denosumab? How do you counsel patients regarding the benefit of bisphosphonates on breast cancer outcomes?

Does the choice of initial induction regimen affect your decision for when to employ lenalidomide maintenance? Are there situations where you would c...

Are you routinely using letermovir as CMV prophylaxis in high-risk patients? Any special considerations with its use versus other antiviral agents? ...

There is a gray area in clinical decision making where the practice seems to be different for borderline size tumors such as a 7 mm lesion with no oth...

If yes, what dosage and do you use it continuously or intermittently? Regarding provera, many patients with ER/PR (+) breast cancer worry about taking...

In a patient s/p orchiectomy and with pelvic lymphadenopathy, would you consider lymph node biopsy to confirm involvement by non-seminomatous germ cel...

Most of the studies have excluded non clear cell histologies. If you use a similar approach to clear cell, have you seen similar responses?

This has become standard practice at our institution for patients with a good performance status, with whole brain radiotherapy given after the comple...

For which patients would you consider addition of apalutamide or enzalutamide? How do you decide between the 2 drugs?

The recent SPARTAN trial showed a remarkable improvement in metastasis free survival and many other secondary endpoints except the lack of significant...

There is no evidence of disease outside the lung on PET, and the patient is completely asymptomatic with negative EGFR, ALK, ROS1, and BRAF and a PD-L...

PD-L1 < 50% and no targetable mutations. Would you use carbo/pemetrexed/pembrolizumab or Nivolumab or pembrolizumab?

NCCN guidelines recommend both single agent Pembro and/or Ipi/Nivo as first line options. How would you choose between the two? In case of the latter,...

NCCN recommends to change therapy or maintain current therapy in this setting without further clarification. What thresholds would cause a change in t...

Not to decrease recurrence risk, but for chemoprevention of new ER-positive DCIS or invasive disease based on the Gail Model. If so, is there data to ...

Would you treat differently for de novo disease vs disease arising from large cell transformation of an indolent NHL?

Would you start with a modified dosing scheme [i.e. Irinotecan (135mg/m2) and drop 5-FU bolus] or start at full dose FOLFIRINOX and then dose reduce b...

Given the rarity of this in MF, is it still predictive of response to lenalidomide therapy?

For example, would a + vascular margin, extranodal extension of N1 disease, translobar disease, or high risk histologies (large cell neuroendocrine, s...

Does their candidacy for autologous HSCT affect your decision to use maintenance lenalidomide?

Would you repeat PET or is it adequate to change to CT surveillance? Although surveillance PET/CT is not recommended by NCCN guidelines, these are oft...

Would you treat with localized therapy with chemoradiation or SBRT or consider ROS-1 directed therapies? 

The FDA recently approved Braftovi (encorafenib) and Mektovi (binimetinib) in combination for unresectable or metastatic melanoma. When would they be ...

Would you use the same schedule as early stage NSCLC primary?

The current NCCN guidelines reserves radiation for patients who are not resectable after induction chemotherapy. Does it make sense to offer concurren...

What are the special considerations in the non-metastatic setting vs metastatic setting?

Lung primary is inaccessible for biopsy and metastatic sites are only 2 small bone lesions. In a non-smoker, a driver mutation is suspected but would ...

For example, would you consider this in a patient that would otherwise be eligible for adjuvant treatment (stage III or stage IV with oligometastatic ...

Based on the UK OnCoRe matched cohort analysis, would you offer a watch-and-wait approach off protocol or are you uncomfortable treatin...

The patient is a pre-menopausal woman with low-grade, stage I IDC who initially could only tolerate 10 mg of tamoxifen for her first year of trea...

Young woman with Her2 positive disease involving her right breast, regional lymph nodes, and liver had a CR on PET after therapy with THP and now plan...

Would you switch chemotherapy regimens (i.e if the patient received FOLFOX/Avastin, change to FOLFIRI/Avastin)? Would you treat wuth immunotherapy per...

The NEJM 2015 paper by Tolaney et al only included 1.5% of patients with micrometastases.

Would your choice of treatment change if the same patient was T790M negative and osimertinib was given as a first-line therapy?

If a patient has ER/PR+ and Her2 positive disease in the primary tumor while axillary lymph node core biopsy is ER/PR+ Her-2 negative, do you man...

Do you prefer carboplatin-paclitaxel-bevacizumab, carboplatin-pemetrexed-pembrolizumab, or chemotherapy alone?

In a patient treated over 10 years ago with mastectomy and chemo now with recurrence in the ipislateral axilla, would you offer additional with chemot...

Which of the systemic options would you give concurrently with radiation therapy in the adjuvant setting? According to NCCN guidelines, high dose...

If a patient previously received taxane-based chemotherapy for ER/PR+ Her2 negative disease three years ago, is additional chemotherapy recommended at...

Would you consider repeating neoadjuvant chemo/RT? Does this, occurring in the context of Lynch Syndrome, change the treatment approach?

Does the more recent NEJ026 trial describing benefit from Bevacizumab plus Erlotinib over Erlotinib alone in patients with EGFR driver mutations ...

Certainly ovarian cancer will respond to carboplatin and paclitaxel and it sounds like a reasonable chemotherapy to give to a stage IV NSCLC, however ...

Specifically, this patient had a new left lacrimal gland metastatic lesion that developed four years from her initial diagnosis and is currently under...

Testicular ultrasound, CT, and tumor markers are without abnormalities outside of the mass.

There are now five PD-1/PDL-1 inhibitors approved for metastatic bladder CA, one (Atezolizumab) as first-line therapy in cisplatin-ineligible patients...

If there are 3 negative scans, do you continue annual screening?

Does the more recent data regarding the continued utility of brentuximab vedotin and the utility of PD-1 inhibitors factor in to your reasoning at all...

A recent phase III trial published in JCO describes the NVALT-11/DLCRG-02 study, evaluating PCI vs observation in patients with stage III NSCLC s/p co...

Is there any data to suggest delayed initiation of adjuvant treatment would be beneficial? Or would close surveillance be reasonable? Patient is asymp...

Would you do this for ER+ patients? According to the PERSEPHONE trial presented on ASCO 2018, in HER2+, non-metastatic breast cancer, 6 months Hercep...

Specifically, would carbo-taxol-bev-atezo (IMpower 150) be an attractive option given the activity of bev-atezo in sarcomatoid PDL1+ metastatic RCC (I...

What systemic therapy do you use? Do you incorporate any multi-modality therapies?

I have a patient who will be climbing to the base camp of Mount Everest. Does a climb to 15,000 feet increase her risk? Should she wear a compression ...

Could one make a case for addition of Rituxinab frontline to increase the chances of a complete remission and even maybe achieve MRD-negative status ?

Does it differ from the treatment of other relapsed peripheral T-cell lymphomas? Are there any clinical trials or case series focused on SPTCL? Is t...

Does presence of intraperitoneal spread and solitary extraperitoneal visceral metastasis affect management?

I recently saw a patient who had been treated with concurrent pembrolizumab-RT elsewhere. Is this an acceptable practice outside the setting of a clin...

Would you give neoadjuvant chemotherapy in a patient with T1 N1 M0 ER/HER-2 positive cancer if they are candidates for upfront lumpectomy?

If there is no response to neoadjuvant AC -->T, would you offer additional adjuvant chemotherapy?

High enough risk to justify anthracycline+taxane chemotherapy followed by ovarian suppression + aromatase inhibition.

Would you initiate abiraterone or enzalutamide for the rising PSA or wait until the patient is symptomatic or has a new site of metastasis?

For the Impower 150 trial, is there data reported on PFS and OS for ABCP vs ACP (atezolizumab/bevacizumab/carboplatin/paclitaxel vs atezolizumab/carbo...

Given the rarity of this diagnosis (5-7% of all AL amyloidosis cases), and the prognostic and clinical differences when compared to non IgM-AL am...

Or would you wait to start coincident with the start of cycle 2? If a shorter time from the start of any therapy to the end of radiation (SER) is sign...

Many times we encounter patients who do not have a tissue sample readily available or in whom obtaining such a sample would be hard. On a more molecul...

Can you comment based on the results of PRODIGE 24 from ASCO 2018?   http://abstracts.asco.org/214/AbstView_214_218335.html

Can SRS or whole brain radiotherapy be reserved for progression in these young, healthy patients?

Are there any data to support a specific TKI therapy for non-T90M exon 20 mutations/insertions? 

If so, what fields do you irradiate? The initially involved nodal regions? If not, do you consolidate at any point in the future (ie after a loca...

Technically, you can have up to 55% of larger cells circulating and still be called CLL.

Can you extrapolate the data on Durable Complete Response After Discontinuation of Pembrolizumab in Patients With Metastatic Melanoma to patients on a...

The PERSEPHONE trial to be presented at ASCO suggests 6 months of Herceptin is non-inferior to 12 months in early Her2 postive disease.

With studies showing non inferiority to zoledronic acid q 3 months in support of bone metastatic disease, would you consider extrapolating this data a...

Or would you consider IO agent be given only after progression on platinum + fluoropyrimidine?

In this study, doses of 2mg/kg Q3wks, 10mg/kg Q3wks and 10mg/kg Q2wks were used. What did the majority of these patients in CR receive? 

By the definition this would be M1 disease, but would definitive treatment be appropriate? Is there clear data that a single pleural nodule has no cha...

Do you start with 1250 mg/m2 BID and then dose reduce based on toxicities? Many studies across varied types of malignancies have shown good tolerabili...

Would you consider "aggressive" concurrent chemoradiation followed by SRS to the CNS lesion and possible consolidative immunotherpay (the PACIFIC...

How do you treat these patients if they progress after immune checkpoint inhibitors?

Would you consider MS an absolute contraindication to this treatment?

What is the optimal regimen for a pre-menopausal female with progression of ER+,PR+ and Her2 neu negative breast cancer while on tamoxifen for six mon...

Once you decide to begin treatment, any special precautions you would use for protein levels starting that high.

Pt previously treated with radical prostatectomy and adjuvant radiotherapy. If recommending therapy, what is the role of concurrent abiraterone + AD...

Would your recommendation change at all depending on time to relapse or original stage of melanoma?

Given the results of Keynote 189, is there any benefit of chemotherapy+pembrolizumab in specific subsets of patients in the first line setting?

The patient initially had a great response to THP for four months, but now with quite a bit of lung, pleural, and nodal involvement.

If the patient has large, bulky nodes would you consider starting after chemotherapy for cytoreduction? Or otherwise consider replanning mid-treatment...

Based on new FDA approval of nivolumab plus ipilimumab in the first-line setting for intermediate- and poor-risk disease, would you give the combinati...

Do you offer additional adjuvant chemotherapy, proceed to adjuvant endocrine therapy, or search for a suitable clinical trial?

Could observation and serial cystoscopy be a reasonable option or is surgery necessary? If recommending surgery, can a procedure less than a nephroure...

Intramammary lymph node involvement has been shown to have a poorer prognosis (Hogan, Surg Onc, 2010). Would Oncotype be useful in these patients...

Assuming that the involved area is too widespread for RT. Would you try single agent rituximab first? Or obinutuzumab? What if rituximab alone gave on...

CIC-DUX4 fusion sarcoma is a rare entity, the aggressiveness of which is comparable to Ewing's sarcoma. A major dilemma is whether to treat these pati...

The recent NEJM phase II trial http://www.nejm.org/doi/full/10.1056/NEJMoa1715519?query=featured_home looked at a small cohort of 24 patients and show...

Knowing that the analysis now is more detailed than it was 10 years ago. What about non-Ashkenazi Jewish breast cancer patients with suspic...

While we await the results of TailorX, what has been the experience in your practice? If the decision for adjuvant chemotherapy is made, do you f...

If staged so due to satellite lesion and negative nodes? How do you decide between adjuvant PD-1 inhibitor or BRAF/MEK inhibition in BRAF-mutated pati...

Assuming SRS to the resection cavity is advised, would you recommend early immunotherapy to improve outcomes/enhance a possible abscopal eff...

In the absence of clinical trial, is there are role for dose-escalating alectinib, or would you consider brigatinib or chemotherapy?

Patient does not qualify for breast cancer screening by annual MRI per criteria (IBIS lifetime risk<20%, no known genetic predisposition,...

the MZL was untreated in the past prior to transformation. Do these patients have a higher risk of recurrence post CR as opposed to patients with de ...

Originally received anthracycline and taxane based regimen.  Would you use carbo/paclitaxel or capecitabine or a different approach?

When would you favor delivering local therapy (e.g. SBRT) prior to systemic therapy?

5FU/mitomycin C or 5FU/cisplatin? Is there any benefit of cisplatin in terms of skin toxicity?  

Specifically, in patients that had progression or developed toxicity on ibrutinib? Idelalisib is very toxic and venetoclax a labor-intensive drug to g...

Even though Venetoclax is not FDA-approved yet, assuming you can get it off label? 1. Gemtuzumab: What dose/schedule and which HMA? 2. Venetoclax: W...

Would you treat this as a locally advanced breast cancer and offer surgery, radiation, and systemic therapy? Does your management change depending on ...

Would you consider referring the patient for HIPEC at some point in their treatment, possibly after giving adjuvant chemotherapy, especially if patien...

These patients have been largely excluded from these trials.  What if the infection is well controlled?

In a patient who underwent laparoscopy for endometriosis and was found to have a 1mm focus of neuroendocrine tumor, would you recommend further surger...

My practice had always been to transfuse for plts < 10, but the recent ASCO guideline change suggests  that in the post-autoSCT setting it is ...

Do you increase dosage of the TKI or switch to a different generation TKI?  How does your answer differ for EGFR vs. ALK, and for discerete brain...

Is there a difference among all the commercial genetic testing labs? Is there anything beyond CLIA- and CAP-certification that we should look for...

After mastectomy for the locally recurrent disease, would you consider "pseudo-adjuvant" chemotherapy for local recurrence per the CALOR trial? If so,...

What factors dictate choice of observation versus 6 months of adjuvant peri-operative chemoradiation plus chemotherapy especially if patient did not r...

Can you apply the ACOSOG Z0011 study to women who have HER2 positive disease?  

Assuming it is clinically indicated, would a checkpoint inhibitor be efficacious in a patient who has a concurrent autoimmune illness (PMR/TA) and is ...

If filgrastim, how many days would you give? Pegfilgrastim is often not covered by payers if given less than 14 days before chemotherapy.  

Would you ever considering re-starting immunotherapy before completing the taper? According to the new guildelines on managing immunotherapy related ...

Do you refer all patients who are felt to be at high risk to a genetic counselor for testing or are you comfortable performing a MyRisk panel in your ...

The patient has no medical problems and no history of leukemia/MDS. Biopsy of the filum terminale and arachnoid confirmed a myeloid sarcoma and MRI sh...

Recent NEJM study showed an increased breast cancer relative risk in longer durations of hormonal contraceptive use that could last up to 5 years. Pre...

An article (BRCA mutation and outcome in BC. Ellen Copson, et al. Lancet Oncol. 2018) showed G3, BRCA+ breast cancer had poorer prognos...

If you treat pre-chemotherapy volumes, is there a benefit to induction chemotherapy even in bulky disease. If so, how do you define disease that ...

http://www.nejm.org/doi/full/10.1056/NEJMoa1612645?rss=searchAndBrowse&#article_abstract If so, how do you sequence it with adjuvant radiotherapy...

Pt has progressed on AI and Faslodex. Goal is radiation to axilla as a palliative intent and Capecitabine to control systemic disease. 

Data reported by Motzer et al Lancet 2015 demonstrated a statistically superior PFS benefit of lenvatinib monotherapy over everolimus alone. In partic...

What factors influence your decision (R1 v. R2 resection? T stage?) If sequential, do you typically prefer radiation before or after chemotherapy?

Subq has been shown to have lower risk of neuropathy. Is there any reason to use weekly IV still?

Are you using post-neoadjuvant Xeloda based on preliminary data from the CREATE-X trial? Does BRCA mutation influence your decision?

Obviously the details matter a lot, but are there guiding tenets one should follow beyond expressing condolences to the family?

If so, when? Are there certain ERBB2 mutations that would predict response to trastuzumab and/or neratinib? 

Following the dosage guidelines based on absolute neutrophil count may cause the patient to end up receiving lower doses.

This is a recently described entity with poor prognosis, so even with a CR after RCHOPx6 cycles, is your bias to push for ISRT due to EBV being poor p...

Would you consider using CKD inhibitors upfront in triple positive breast cancer previously treated with chemotherapy, endocrine therapy, and Hercepti...

Is the use of immunotherapy being considered, and if so, is the data extrapolated from treatment of mNSCLC and head and neck SCC?

This is in regards to the risk of secondary cancers after radiation therapy or cytotoxic chemotherapy (such as anthracyclines) in an immunosuppre...

Would you try to treat the single met with radiation and then treat it as locally advanced breast cancer?

Taking into account the overlap between treatment regimens for esophageal and gastric cancers, in what clinical context might you feel comfortable tre...

In a patient with multiple poor risk features including TP53 mutation, 1q amplification, stage III, and circulating plasma cells, would you consider a...

For a lesion that appears radiographically consistent with a high grade glioma, would you treat empirically if there is hesitancy to perform a high ri...

Would you treat with 1st line AI/CDK inhibitor if patient is only low or moderately ER positive? ( example between 1-30%)

Assuming the patient was initially treated with surgical resection and adjuvant chemotherapy followed by radiation and appropriate endocrine therapy.

What do you do with low grade (grade 1/3) tumors? In other words, does high grade pathology over rules?

NCCN lists CRT as category 1 but also lists chemotherapy alone as an option.  Is this decision based on discussion between surgeon and oncologist...

In light of two phase III randomized trials showing duloxetine (S1202) and acupuncture (S1200) both improve AIMSS, which would you try first? Wou...

Would the exact Oncotype score guide your decision (ie closer 25-30 v. >30-35)? NCCN recommends Oncotype only for tumor size < 5mm but this case...

Recent evidence has been mixed, with no DFS or OS benefit in 1 trial (ASSURE, Haas et al, Lancet 2016) and DFS benefit in another (S-TRAC, Ravaud et a...

The abstract of the pooled meta-analysis is not definitive (JCO 35, 2017: suppl; abstr LBA1), and of the phase III trials (SCOT, TOSCA, Alliance/SWOG ...

If Oncotype is high risk, what regimen of adjuvant chemotherapy would you recommend?

Are two negative pleurocentesis' adequate to conclude that the patient does not have metastatic disease? Do you routinely recommend VATS and pleural b...

Would you use a regimen with lower incidence of neurotoxicity such as CMF or a taxane-based regimen with a low threshold to dose-reduce?

Would you consider using ckd inhibitors in triple positive breast cancer previously treated with chemotherapy, endocrine therapy, and Herceptin? NCCN ...

How do you approach treating ER/PR positive/HER-2 positive metastatic breast cancer? Do you combine hormonal therapy / chemotherapy and HER-2 directed...

If a patient with stage II or III colon adenocarcinoma who presents to your clinic 12-16 weeks after surgical resection do you give adjuvant chemother...

Does HER2 or PD1/PDL1 positivity change first line treatment (i.e. preferential enrollment on clinical trials) or do such patients still receiving sta...

We often treat elderly women with lumpectomy and adjuvant hormonal therapy without radiation. I am concerned about how to proceed after the 5 year poi...

For example, how significant does the M protein have to increase for you to begin a conversation about new therapy?

Many women are distressed when asked to discontinue hormone replacement therapy or use intravaginal estrogen suppositories.

Can T790M mutation develop within this early time frame, or are these perhaps patients who may benefit from switch to chemotherapy?

Some patients request chemotherapy scheduling adjustments to avoid feeling ill on major holidays. Delaying chemotherapy by a few days isn't of particu...

Example case: Patient given neoadjuvant docetaxel + cyclophophamide achieves a partial response after 3 cycles of Taxotere + cyclophosphamide but is u...

Are results of BCIRG-006 trial applicable for patients with triple positive breast cancer or only for those with HER2+? 

Given the apparently stronger results from KEYNOTE 052 (pembrolizumab) compared to IMvigor 211 (atezolizumab), would you consider pembrolizumab for pa...

Or do you recommend treatment with systemic therapy alone, as this represents Stage IV disease?

Are you using ctDNA blood tests for targetable mutations at the time of diagnosis, at the time of disease progression, or not at all?

The GTX (gemcitabine, docetaxel, capecitabine) regimen is listed as a category 2B recommendation in the NCCN guidelines- when would this be ...

Specifically, to you lean towards elotuzumab or a daratumumab-based regimen?

How does this approach change with mediastinal lymph node involvement? What are the indications for definitive or adjuvant radiotherapy +/- chemothera...

The current treatment for bladder adenoCA is surgery. However in non-surgical candidates, RT is an option. Would you consider adding chemo ? Also woul...

Since immune check point inhibitors have been approved for GEJ and gastric cancer, would a distal esophogeal adenocarcinoma be considered GEJ or does ...

What is the best evidence for what dose to use? When would you give it in relation to the checkpoint inhibitors? Which metastatic sites do you choose ...

Would you consider subtotal gastrectomy vs medical therapy?

Tamoxifen prophylaxis is FDA-approved, but would you extrapolate from adjuvant/metatastic data for hormone receptor positive breast cancer in post-men...

If so, what chemotherapy regimen would you use? If not, what management options would you generally recommend?

In the absence of data demonstrating a clinical benefit for one strategy versus the other, what do you do in practice?  

Peripheral blood Flow shows prominent NK cell population but marrow aspiration/bx shows normocellular marrow with trilineage hematopoeisis.  &nb...

Most oncologists are comfortable offering FOLFOX for 1st line metastatic adenocarcinoma. Would you be comfortable offering FOLFOX to met. squamous eso...

If a patient will receive a total of 4 cycles ABVD and has a CR by PET/CT after cycle 2, can RT be omitted to non-bulky sites to avoid toxicity?

Is there a change in approach over the past few years? Would there be a role for the 12-gene recurrence score?

How do you select between the available treatment options (gemcitabine, docetaxel, paclitaxel, nab-paclitaxel) in combination with platinum?  Up...

If patients do recur, do you perform these tests on the initial surgical specimen or on tissue from a fresh biopsy (or both?)

Is there data for switching from nivolumab/ipilimumab to pembrolizumab if a patient develops significant pneumonitis but also had a significant radiog...

Would you change your radiation therapy treatment dose or volume if you needed to treat a chloroma? If a patient had a separate cancer (e.g. skin canc...

NCCN puts "preferred" regimens but only category 1 is cisplatin and fluoropyrimidine. When would you use that regimen over FOLFOX?

If so, how do you manage counseling for someone with low health literacy?

Alternatively, would a biopsy of a metastatic bone lesion be preferred in a patient who has already progressed on chemo and hormonal therapy?

Given the FDA breakthrough therapy designation for olaparib in BRCA1/2 and ATM mutated mCRPC, when do you sequence mCRPC? Do you have a preferred...

Based on 2-3% MSH2 mutation and 1% MLH1 mutation rates in metastatic disease regardless of castration sensitivity, should we be looking for this earli...

If choosing systemic therapy, do you prefer bevacizumab with or without irinotecan? Have you used anti-PD1 agents (e.g. nivolumab) off label? 

Should one consider use of PARP inhibitor in a patient with metastatic triple negative breast cancer and finding of a somatic PALB2 mutation on genomi...

When there is biopsy proven mediastinal disease, do you offer definitive chemoradiation and monitor, or do you try to prove the presence/absence ...

If the patient cannot tolerate methotrexate or further chemotherapy, how effective is radiation therapy (e.g. WBRT) in rendering the patient disease-f...

Given the data noting predictive benefit of utilizing genomic testing in predicting later relapse of hormone receptor positive breast cancer.

Has the recent FDA approval of dabrafenib/trametinib changed your practice?

Being that there is limited data on CNS penetration with either regimen, what would you prefer in a patient who already received whole brain RT?

If current systemic treatment is otherwise controlling the disease and is well-tolerated, is there value to locally aggressive therapy in an attempt t...

The FDA recently approved neratinib based on data from the ExteNET trial; however, benefit appears modest and the risk of toxicity is not low.

Do you offer neoadjuvant RT with resection and node dissection vs. definitive radiation?  How extensive does the nodal disease have to be for you...

Do you have a cutoff in terms of tumor size, number of LN, Oncotype score, etc that makes you choose lower vs higher intensity chemo?

In a patient who developed oligometastatic disease before completing adjuvant XELOX, what treatment(s) and duration of treatment would you recommend?

I have a few patients with kras braf mutation negative metastatic colon cancer treated with upfront FOLFOX- bev followed by 5FU-bev who had regression...

There is limited data that suggests steroidal AI exemestane could be of some benefit after nonsteroidal AI failure (Lonning PE et al. J Clin Oncol 200...

Specifically I am thinking if a PET scan shows complete response, would it be reasonable to stop bleomycin and continue AVD?

Can the ipsilateral supraclavicular field and bilateral hilar nodes still be limited stage? 

When PDL1 expression is negative, but IHC for mismatch repair expression is consistent with mismatch repair deficiency (MLH2, MSH2, and MSH6 expressed...

Would you approach this situation as synchronous primaries (eg. FIGO IA in both) or as a locally advanced endometrial cancer (FIGO IIIA)? What adjuva...

In patients with new bone pain and without any evidence of bone metastases receiving GnRH agonists, how do you manage pain symptoms?

NCCN discusses targeted therapies (Everolimus) but also Temodar / Xeloda combination.

I.e. either for treatment of high-risk disease or intolerance/contraindication to tamoxifen. Will you continue it for the full 5 year course?

My experience has been that patients can be neurologically devastated years out from WBRT. In Medical Oncology practice at my institution, we do not r...

Two recent studies show benefit to up-front abiraterone for metastatic castration-sensitive prostate cancer, although these studies used control arms ...

Are the results of the STAMPEDE trial presented at ASCO 2017 practice changing?

Drug information indicates a patient may need 3-4 months off TKI. This seems like a long time off drug. Would a MMR of a certain duration make it less...

Based on the SCORAD III trial, will you now be treating patients with spinal cord compression with single-fraction radiotherapy? Is there anyone ...

Aside from local therapies (intrathecal, radiation), are there therapies that are known to have better CNS penetration?

Regorafenib has been approved for patients with advanced HCC post-sorafenib, but the benefits are slight and toxicity substantial.  Nivolumab has...

Specifically when given as a single agent. Any role for G-CSF?

PET/CT/bone marrow biopsy negative for evidence of distant disease. Following 4 cycles of combination chemotherapy with no evidence of progressive dis...

Have the results of LUX-Lung 7 changed your routine practice? Are there promising up-front clinical trials that these patients may benefit from?

Assume good compliance with oral therapy, equivalent access to either agent, no contraindictions to either therapy, and absence of any visceral crisis...

Do you reserve this approach for only women with triple negative breast cancer or all-comers?

Do you incoprate Ki67% or mitotic rate into your treatment decision, and is there any use for somatostatin based imaging such as octreoscan or gallium...

Can immune check point inhibitor be restarted if grade 4 hyperglycemia (with acidosis and insulin drip requirement) has resolved?

Given recent FDA accelerated approval of pembrolizumab for MSI-H tumors regardless of site of origin, does it make sense to apply MSI testing, in...

If biopsy of the lesion is consistent with GI origin adenocarcinoma and there are no other sites of disease, would wedge resection followed by adjuvan...

Does your management differ if the hiccups are felt to be related to chemotherapy as opposed to the disease itself?

Given the non-specific nature of AFP and its elevation in various benign conditions, is there an AFP cutoff level or change over time for which you wo...

In a patient who already received 13 courses of radiation (with complete response), is there any other effective treatment?

Which patients do you consider to be chemotherapy-ineligible for the sake of this treatment decision? How strong does the contraindication need to be?

Should we be routinely sequencing ALK to select an ALK inhibitor with the appropriate efficacy, matched to resistance patterns?

For example, does a higher recurrence score influence your choice of TC versus AC-T?  Or your choice to add ovarian suppression to a premenopausa...

Tumor involves stomach, liver, and lymph nodes. Pathology is suspicious for sarcomatoid carcinoma, possibly sarcomatoid cholangiocarcinoma.

What would you choose if there is no response to neoadjuvant AC-T? Taxol, THP, TCHP?

Do you prefer neoadjuvant chemotherapy or proceeding directly to surgery, followed by adjuvant therapy?

What clinical considerations factor into your decision to choose leuprolide vs goserelin vs triptorelin vs degarelix, etc?

Assuming cytotoxic chemotherapy is given, would you still then proceed with adjuvant endocrine therapy?  Would you switch agents or classes of en...

In LAP07's second randomization (capecitabine+54 Gy vs maintenance gemcitabine +/- erlotinib), 60% of unresectable pancreatic cancer patients who did ...

(For instance, TCX4 instead of AC->T for smaller tumors?)Does this affect your decision about treating with neoadjuvant versus adjuvant chemotherap...

NCCN guidelines offer suggested schedules for interval imaging and laboratory studies, but also make it clear that the quality of evidence for these r...

What determines which you select first? How do concerns about cross-resistance factor in after progression on one of these agents?

To what extent do you worry about overlapping myelosuppression? Is there any advantage to overlapping therapy?

Is there a role for salvage LN dissection or salvage RT to the node? And is there a role for systemic therapy (ADT or chemotherapy) in addition? If yo...

Do you prefer this approach based on the FALCON trial showing improved PFS with frontline fulvestrant?

Do you extrapolate the results of OPTIMIZE-2 and CALGB 70604 showing that an every 12 week dosing of zolendronic acid is noninferior to ever...

Two retrospective studies from Stanford showed that patients who received ADT had an increased risk of dementia and Alzheimer's. Is this finding ...

If a patient developed locoregional recurrence after initial chemoradiation, would resection of known disease followed by observation be preferred?

Do you use a PSA threshold, PSA doubling time, or only evidence of metastatic disease to trigger ADT? For those without rapid doubling time, do you ev...

And how should we compare checkpoint inhibitors? Given the FDA approval of atezolizumab and nivolumab as second-line agents for metastatic urothe...

For instance with isolated progression at one metastatic site, with all other disease stable and clinically doing well. 

The Intergroup 0162 trial did not demonstrate noninferiority, although OS difference only 5.1 vs. 5.8 yrs.  Would pattern of spread affect your d...

With the current data, I'm struggling to justify addition of radiation for potentially resectable disease.  If in favor of RT, do you recommend s...

How do the different assays compare when choosing a specific immunotherapy, and does this change for first vs second (or beyond) line of therapy?

Is there a select patient population that you use it for? Is it also being used in cancers other than breast cancer?

At what point is the neuropathy a contraindication to further bortezomib therapy?

Although bendamustine + rituximab is a standard option for advanced follicular lymphoma when treatment is required, does the regimen rituximab + lenal...

There are many options to choose from, including large gene panels with up to 80 genes at the same cost as BRCA 1/2 testing, while others offer j...

Would you use 5-FU and radiation alone? Would your management be different for loco-regional (curative) vs metastatic situations?

Is there a role for routine use of additional or alternative imaging modalities for these patients, such as tomosynthesis, MRI, or ultrasound?  I...

Is there data related to types of metastases (tumor histology, anatomic distribution, hemorrhagic, diffuse, size, edema etc.) and risk for seizure?&nb...

Some medical oncologists tend to hold anticoagulation in patients who develop brain metastases for fear of causing intracranial hemorrhage.  Is t...

Would your recommendations change if it was a partial vs complete radiographic response?

Are there differences between palbociclib and ribociclib?  What would make you choose one over the other?

Specifically, can you rechallenge after the effusion has resolved (e.g. therapeutic thoracentesis)? If so, how long do you wait to rechallenge (especi...

Is there any role for aromatase inhibitors?  What duration of therapy do you recommend?

How does age play a role in this decision?  If you do intensify therapy, how do you explain the negative results of CALGB/Alliance 50303?

Would you add chemotherapy if there was gross residual disease, pN+ and/or ECE?

How long do you typically wait before starting consolidation chemotherapy, and do you routinely perform re-staging scans prior to consolidation? 

Imatinib, or a second-generation TKI? Are there specific factors that make you choose one over the other?

When would you use surveillance versus repeat excision or adjuvant systemic or local therapy?

If so, do you use antivirals and/or antibiotics? Does it matter if the patient has mantle cell lymphoma, CLL, or Waldenstrom's macroglobulinemia?

Can the classic indications for post-hysterectomy radiation (eg. "Sedlis" and "Peter's" criteria) be applied? Does the histology change radiation dose...

The CABOSUN trial showed a benefit in PFS and ORR, with unchanged OS, over sunitinib. 

In the setting of recent craniotomy and a plan for SRS to the surgical cavity, which systemic therapy would you choose and when would you&nb...