Radiother Oncol 2016-09-01
Dose-volume effect relationships for late rectal morbidity in patients treated with chemoradiation and MRI-guided adaptive brachytherapy for locally advanced cervical cancer: Results from the prospective multicenter EMBRACE study.   
To establish dose volume-effect relationships predicting late rectal morbidity in cervix cancer patients treated with concomitant chemoradiation and MRI-guided adaptive brachytherapy (IBABT) within the prospective EMBRACE study.
All patients were treated with curative intent according to institutional protocols with chemoradiation and IGABT. Reporting followed the GEC-ESTRO recommendations ( [Formula: see text] , [Formula: see text] ), applying bioeffect modeling (linear quadratic model) with equieffective doses (EQD23). Morbidity was scored according to the CTC-AE 3.0. Dose-effect relationships were assessed using comparisons of mean doses, the probit model and log rank tests on event-free periods.
960 patients were included. The median follow-up was 25.4months. Twenty point one percent of the patients had grade 1 events, 6.0% grade 2, 1.6% grade 3 and 0.1%, grade 4. The mean DICRU, [Formula: see text] , and [Formula: see text] were respectively: 66.2±9.1Gy, 72.9±11.9Gy, and 62.8±7.6Gy. Increase of dose was associated with increase in severity of single endpoints and overall rectal morbidity (grade 1-4) (p<0.001-0.026), except for stenosis (p=0.24-0.31). The probit model showed significant relationships between the [Formula: see text] , [Formula: see text] , and DICRU and the probability of grade 1-4, 2-4, and 3-4 rectal events. The equieffective [Formula: see text] for a 10% probability for overall rectal grade⩾2 morbidity was 69.5Gy (p<0.0001). After sorting patients according to 6 [Formula: see text] levels, less favorable outcome was observed in the high dose subgroups, for bleeding, proctitis, fistula, and overall rectal morbidity. A [Formula: see text] ⩾75Gy was associated with a 12.5% risk of fistula at 3years versus 0-2.7% for lower doses (p>0.001). A [Formula: see text] <65Gy was associated with a two times lower risk of proctitis than [Formula: see text] ⩾65Gy.
Significant correlations were established between late rectal morbidity, overall and single endpoints, and dose-volume ( [Formula: see text] , [Formula: see text] ) and dose-point (DICRU) parameters. A [Formula: see text] ⩽65Gy is associated with more minor and less frequent rectal morbidity, whereas a [Formula: see text] ⩾75Gy is associated with more major and more frequent rectal morbidity.

Related Questions

After whole pelvis radiation therapy, what would be the highest dose you would allow in a single fraction, versus the total course EQD2 for small bowe...