Respir Investig 2014 Nov 13
Disease flare after gefitinib discontinuation.   
A recent retrospective analysis found that 23% of non-small cell lung cancer patients who acquired resistance to epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR)-tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs) demonstrated "disease flare" after discontinuation of EGFR-TKIs. However, limitations of this study present the need for further investigation to elucidate this phenomenon in more detail.
We reviewed the clinical records of EGFR mutated patients with advanced lung adenocarcinoma who were treated with gefitinib monotherapy in our hospital between January 2007 and December 2010. Disease flare was defined as unexpected interventions (e.g. radiation therapy or pleural drainage), hospitalization, or death attributable to disease progression after gefitinib discontinuation.
Among 52 eligible patients, only two experienced disease flare (4%; 95% confidence interval: 1-13%). In both cases, interval time from gefitinib discontinuation to disease flare was 11 days, and the brain was the site of flare. Survival time after gefitinib was significantly shorter in the flare patients (78 and 97 days, respectively) compared with the no-flare patients (median 388 days).
Our analysis demonstrated a lower incidence rate of disease flare after gefitinib discontinuation compared with the previous report, but the prognosis was similarly poor.

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How do you balance the risk of an EGFR flare while holding osimertinib vs the risk of pneumonitis when continuing?