International journal of radiation oncology, biology, physics 2012-01-01
Reirradiation human spinal cord tolerance for stereotactic body radiotherapy.   
We reviewed the treatment for patients with spine metastases who initially received conventional external beam radiation (EBRT) and were reirradiated with 1-5 fractions of stereotactic body radiotherapy (SBRT) who did or did not subsequently develop radiation myelopathy (RM).
Spinal cord dose-volume histograms (DVHs) for 5 RM patients (5 spinal segments) and 14 no-RM patients (16 spine segments) were based on thecal sac contours at retreatment. Dose to a point within the thecal sac that receives the maximum dose (P(max)), and doses to 0.1-, 1.0-, and 2.0-cc volumes within the thecal sac were reviewed. The biologically effective doses (BED) using α/β = 2 Gy for late spinal cord toxicity were calculated and normalized to a 2-Gy equivalent dose (nBED = Gy(2/2)).
The initial conventional radiotherapy nBED ranged from ~30 to 50 Gy(2/2) (median ~40 Gy(2/2)). The SBRT reirradiation thecal sac mean P(max) nBED in the no-RM group was 20.0 Gy(2/2) (95% confidence interval [CI], 10.8-29.2), which was significantly lower than the corresponding 67.4 Gy(2/2) (95% CI, 51.0-83.9) in the RM group. The mean total P(max) nBED in the no-RM group was 62.3 Gy(2/2) (95% CI, 50.3-74.3), which was significantly lower than the corresponding 105.8 Gy(2/2) (95% CI, 84.3-127.4) in the RM group. The fraction of the total P(max) nBED accounted for by the SBRT P(max) nBED for the RM patients ranged from 0.54 to 0.78 and that for the no-RM patients ranged from 0.04 to 0.53.
SBRT given at least 5 months after conventional palliative radiotherapy with a reirradiation thecal sac P(max) nBED of 20-25 Gy(2/2) appears to be safe provided the total P(max) nBED does not exceed approximately 70 Gy(2/2), and the SBRT thecal sac P(max) nBED comprises no more than approximately 50% of the total nBED.

Related Questions

I'm aware of a number of publications that suggest that after 1-2 years, the cord should be able to handle about 50% of the original tolerance dose. &...

Do you use the same regimen for primary treatment, re-treatment, and post-op?

In a patient who received full dose to the spinal cord 10+ years prior, would SBRT be appropriate salvage therapy or is hyperfractionation prefer...

What factors do you consider when determining this constraint? For example, in a patient who was previously treated to 30 Gy in 10 fractions, how woul...

For instance, are there 1. Specific Linac features, such as a certain MLC leaf width, 6-DOF couch, etc? 2. Requisite on board imaging/IGRT capabilit...